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Sustainable Construction

Sustainable Construction is the selection of materials or products for the construction activities in terms of reducing the use of natural resources, ability of reusing the materials and reducing the wastage. Sustainable buildings are built and designed according to the practices low energy consumption, free of physical and environmental issues …

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FormWork in construction

Formwork is the mould to shape the concrete structure. Good concrete cannot be made from a poor mould; thus formwork is very important in producing good concrete. Besides that, it has to be designed to take the concrete load and the working load generated from workers and plant. Column Forwork …

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Foundation in a building

Foundation is the part of structure below plinth level up to the soil. It is in direct contact of soil and transmits load of super structure to soil. Generally it is below the ground level. If some part of foundation is above ground level, it is also covered with earth …

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Preparing Bar schedule

REINFORCEMENT (R/f) Introduction Reinforced concrete is the most commonly used structural material in engineering construction. Although concrete is strong in resisting compressive stress, it is weak intention. Hence to withstand tensional stresses, steel is need in concrete. The reinforcement in concrete may be simple bars or rods bend and tied …

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Basic Setting out in construction

“Setting out” is the process of locating points for columns, site boundary level, pile position and other necessary structural parts according to the construction drawing. Errors should be avoided because the whole structure will be build based on the respective setting out. A setting out should be made to full …

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